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Honey is considered a natural and healthy food. It mainly consists of various sugars (fructose, glucose, saccharose, maltose) and some water. The high content of sugar is a reason for the long shelf life of honey. Storage at higher temperature leads to the synthesis of Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), a degradation product of many sugars. HMF serves as an important indicator for the quality of honey.
Residues in honey are a result of an application of veterinary drugs and insecticides. Chloramphenicol (CAP) and nitrofuranes were detected in Asian honeys. They are not authorised in Europe and contaminated honey is not marketable.
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